Thailand cave rescue: Mission to save boys under way

A video grab handout made available by the Thai Navy SEALs shows some members of the trapped football team, 4 July 2018Image copyright
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The boys, aged between 11 and 16, have been trapped with their coach since 23 June

Rescuers in Thailand have begun a hazardous operation to lead 12 boys and one adult out of a cave where they have been trapped for two weeks.

The group are stranded on a ledge 4km inside the Tham Luang cave but amid fears of rising waters, officials have decided they cannot wait any longer.

Expert divers who have been keeping the group supplied since they were found last week will guide them out.

Officials have called it D-Day, saying the boys are fit and ready to move.

What is happening at the cave?

A huge volunteer and media operation has built up around the mouth of the cave over the past week.

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Media captionThailand cave rescue: Meet the volunteer helpers

But early on Sunday, journalists were told they had to move down the road, sparking speculation that a rescue mission was about to begin.

Narongsak Osottanakorn, who has been leading the operation, then confirmed that 18 divers had gone in to get the boys.

“This is D-Day,” he said. “The boys are ready to face any challenges.”

He added that the boys had all been assessed by a doctor and were “very fit physically and mentally… They are determined and focused”.

The group and their families had all given their agreement that they should be moved as soon as possible, he said.

Why are they acting now?

Officials had originally thought the group might have to stay where they were until the rainy season ended – that could have meant months underground.

They’d also been exploring whether they could drill down into the cave, as well as scouring the mountainside for another way in.

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At a church in Chiang Rai, local people spent Sunday morning praying for the trapped boys

But with the rainy season just beginning, it’s become clear that the flooding which originally trapped the boys will only get worse in the coming days.

Rescuers have been desperately pumping water out of the cave, and Mr Narongsak said on Sunday that water levels inside were at their lowest levels so far.

“There is no other day that we are more ready than today,” said Mr Narongsak. “Otherwise we will lose the opportunity.”

How will they bring them out?

It’s likely the group will have to do a mixture of walking, wading, climbing and diving.

The initial part of their journey, through narrow, submerged passages is the most challenging, the BBC’s Jonathan Head reports from near the cave.

It could involve long periods underwater for children who have never used diving equipment before. Some can’t even swim.

About halfway out they’ll reach section called T-Junction, which is barely wide enough for a person to get through.

“There is a tunnel that has a passageway going up and coming down narrowly and you have to turn a bit and it’s very small,” Mr Narongsak said.

After that they’ll move on to the cavern which has been the forward base for the divers. They’ll rest there then make the last, easier walk out to the entrance, and go from there to hospital in Chiang Rai town.

Getting to and from where the boys are has been an exhausting 11-hour round trip even for the experienced divers.

In an indication of quite how dangerous the journey will be, a former Thai navy diver died in the caves earlier this week. Saman Gunan was returning from a mission to provide the group with air tanks.

He lost consciousness and could not be revived. His colleagues have said they “will not let the sacrifice of our friend go to waste”.

The earliest the boys are likely to reach the surface is 21:00 local time (14:00 GMT) on Sunday. One official has said it could take two to three days to get them all out.

Sense of anticipation

By Helier Cheung, Tham Luang cave

This is the moment that everyone has been waiting for – and that some thought would never begin.

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At a church in Chiang Rai, local people spent Sunday morning praying for the trapped boys

Earlier on, the mood around the rescue sites had been upbeat once the boys were found alive. Smiling volunteers would hand out snacks, or offer massages, to those on the site.

Now security to the site has been beefed up even more. Several police vans, military officers and ambulances have been entering and exiting the site. There’s a solemn sense of anticipation in the air.

Family and friends of the boys will be getting little rest until they learn the outcome of the rescue operation.

How did they get into the cave?

The boys, all part of the same Wild Boars football team, are aged between 11 and 16 and know the local area well.

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Media captionNick Beake has been inside a cave complex in Chiang Rai

It’s thought they went in there on 12 June after training as a fun outing, to celebrate one of the boy’s birthdays. They took in only basic food.

But it appears they went in too far at the wrong time of year, and unexpectedly got cut off.

Against all odds, they were found by rescue divers early last week, perched on a high ledge in the darkness.

They were hungry and scared but in remarkably good shape given their ordeal.

Since then, they’ve been kept company by navy divers at all times, and had food, light and medical care sent in.

They even managed to send letters home telling their parents not to worry, but that they were looking forward to coming home.

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